FOOT HEALTH

 
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Each human foot has 26 bones, 33 joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and countless nerves and blood vessels that link up all the way to the heart, spine, and brain. The human foot is better adapted to walk barefoot on soft natural surfaces such as sand and grass. However, most of the time, we walk on hard surfaces such as pavements. This can cause numerous problems to the foot. You may have pain in Heel, Ball-of-Foot, Ankle, and Knee & lower-back due to it, says Dr. Paul W. Brand, Chief of the Rehabilitation Branch of the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital in Carville, LA. http://www.unshod.org/pfbc/pfmedresearch.htm

Common foot problems & recommended solutions

 

3Condition: Plantar Fasciitis

Definition: Inflammation of fibrous tissue along the bottom of the foot from beginning of heel bone to metatarsal
Causes: Occurs due to collapse of tissues in midfoot area, over pronation (flat feet), high arch feet, sudden increase in physical activity, excessive weight gain, flip-flops 
Symptoms: Heel pain, heel spurs, arch pain first thing in the morning or after a period of prolonged rest 
Prevention: Shoe fitted with arch support, proper cushioning and shock absorption, stretching & applying ice

 

 


1
Condition: Heel Pain Syndrome

Definition: Extreme heel discomfort, underneath the heel or just behind it, where the tendon attaches to the heel bone causing plantar fasciitis 
Causes: Over use of shoe with poor cushioning, excessive pressure on heel due to wrong standing posture
Prevention: Heel cups or cradles, orthotics with arch support & cushioning to avoid shock absorption, footwear with elevated heels

 

 



2Condition: Metatarsalgia (Ball-of-Foot Pain)

Definition: Inflammation or pain at the thick skin area & bones and joints at the ball-of-foot
Causes: Thinning out of the fat pad, footwear with narrow toe boxes, high heels causing excessive pressure
Prevention: Wear shoes with metatarsal pads, proper cushioning, wide toe boxes & low heels

 

 



3Condition: Foot Alignment & Support
 

Definition: Incorrect foot alignment causes pain in the knee & lower back , leading to a faulty body posture. 
Causes: Due to unevenness in the insole/shoe leading to unbalanced movement. 
Prevention: Wear insole with heel cupping to stabilize the foot heel which prevents the unwanted movement of the foot base.


3Condition: Bunion
 

Definition: A bunion is a bump on the inside of the foot around the big toe joint. 
Causes: abnormality in foot function, or arthritis, but is more commonly caused by wearing improper fitting footwear. 
Prevention: Wearing properly fitted footwear with a high, wide toe box.
Did you know that throughout the world no two feet are the same?
Every person has different types of foot shape and structure. Finding right footwear & orthotics that is suitable to your foot type is the key to prevent most of the common foot problems. It allows you to live a healthy & comfortable life.
Buy footwear that correctly fits your foot
Most people don’t know their accurate foot length, width Girth etc & often buy shoes that are misfit. The footwear should also have orthotics with proper cushioning to redistribute pressure & prevent shock waves due to heel & metatarsal strike, heel support thru heel cupping to properly align your body structure & prevent Knee & lower back pain.
Get your foot Scanned
Buy shoes from shops equipped with foot scanning technology that is able to capture your arch type & pressure points and recommend the ideal footwear and orthotics for your needs.
Don’t wear footwear with high heels
While women love heels, they have four times as many foot problems as men due to high heels. Whenever possible avoid wearing high heels.
Men wearing shoes with high & narrow toe area
Many men prefer to wear shoe with high toe spring & narrow toe box. Prolonged use of this type of footwear will cause discomfort & deformities in your foot. Avoid wearing such footwear for healthy feet
Night time Care 
After wearing footwear throughout the day, give your feet a little care. Knead them gently with your thumbs to increase blood circulation. Then cover them with a good quality foot cream or nourishing gel to help keep the skin from cracking and drying.
Consult your Doctor/Podiatrist
Customized footwear provides relief from only common foot problems & relieves pain & is only supplement to proper foot health practices. Always consult a certified podiatrist or physician if you suffer from persistent pain or a medical condition.